ITU

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

Founded in May 1865, the International Telegraph Union aimed to meet the demands for cooperation across national borders brought by the development of telegraphy in the early 19th century.[1] In modern days, its successor, the International Telecommunications Union, keeps bringing governments and industry entities from all over the world together to coordinate the operation of telecommunication networks and services on a global scale. 

Among its main purposes, the Union aims to create a harmonic environment between the Member States and sector entities to overcome national borders and extend the benefits of information and communication technologies to everyone. It does so, for instance, by discussing the adoption of international standards for cost-effective technologies implemented among its members and by offering technical aid to developing countries. 

Being the oldest global organization of the United Nations system,[2] the ITU has played a major role on key issues involving international affairs. Public-private collaboration has always been at the center of ITU’s work. Now more than ever, businesses realize that the path to sustainable growth can be found by working closely with governments, academia, as well as other stakeholders, in a common effort to put in place the right rules to drive investment, innovation and widely shared opportunities. 

SINGLE THEME: “Right to virtual privacy: the collect of personal data and the use of information as a manipulative mechanism”.

The constant advancement of technology related to the Internet, computer networking and databases improved many sectors of management, telecommunications, and economy worldwide. However, this uncontrolled and fast progress resulted in several legal situations about information, personal details, and copyright, as well as moral questions regarding virtual privacy, the social limits of the Internet and cybercrimes. In regards to that matter, digital privacy is a right that is being the target of many weaknesses in the 21st century. Beyond that, with the emergence of technological innovations, there is a latent concern about the security of data provided to virtual platforms.[3] 

In addition to that, companies are Increasingly seeing the Internet as a way to make money with the usage of personal data, amongst other things. This is made possible mostly by the high flow of information in the world wide web and the current relativization of the right to virtual privacy, with people entrusting companies with many aspects of their personal details.[4] 

In order to obtain said details, several Internet users have their search data collected by multiple enterprises which then use this information to manipulate several aspects of their experience on the Internet, such as the advertisement viewed, or the search results found. This kind of manipulation can seem as irrelevant, however, it has been known to influence behavior on the Internet, and even shape the outcomes of political processes.

Therefore, online personal data has become the weapon of the century, and by participating in the ITU, delegates will have the unique opportunity to discuss many issues pertaining to this very current and relevant matter, securing ways for the continued growth of the Internet and its related technologies while guaranteeing the individual’s right to virtual privacy and the safe usage of the powerful and indispensable tool that is the Internet. [5]

Related Podcasts 

  1. Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados (2019), 1hr8mins, Production: Braincast

Synopsys available at: https://open.spotify.com/episode/7xgQa8bfoODBXTCx6gQJrV. Accessed on: Dec. 20, 2019.

Related TV Shows

  1. Shut Up and Dance (2016) – Black Mirror, 52mins, Director: James Watkins.

Synopsys available at: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt5709230/?ref_=fn_al_tt_7.  Accessed on: Dec. 21, 2019.

Related Documentaries:

  1. The Great Hack (2019), 1hr54mins, Directors: Karim Amer, Jehane Noujaim

Synopsys available at: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt9358204/.  Accessed on Dec. 21, 2019.

  1. Why fascism is so tempting – and how your data could power it (2018), 18mins, Speaker: Yuval Noah Harari.

Synopsys available at:

https://www.ted.com/talks/yuval_noah_harari_why_fascism_is_so_tempting_and_how_your_data_could_power_it. Accessed on: Dec. 22, 2019.

Related Books:

  1. ORWELL, George. 1984. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2009.

Synopsys available at: https://www.skoob.com.br/1984-941ed412608.html. Accessed on: Dec. 23, 2019.

REFERENCES

[1] ITU. Plenipotentiary Conferences. Available      at: https://www.itu.int/en/history/Pages/PlenipotentiaryConferences.aspx?conf=4.1. Accessed on: Dec. 22, 2019.

[2] MPO. The oldest organization of the UN system, the International Telecommunication Union celebrates 150th anniversary. Available at: https://www.mpo.cz/en/guidepost/for-the-media/press-releases/the-oldest-organization-of-the-un-system–the-international-telecommunication-union-celebrates-150th-anniversary–158129. Accessed on: Dec. 23, 2019.

[3] CNN. Governments are rushing to regulate the internet. Users could end up paying the price. Available at: https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/08/uk/internet-regulation-uk-australia-intl-gbr/index.html. Accessed on: Dec. 20, 2019.

[4] PRIVACY POLICY. What’s Data Privacy Law In Your Country?. Available at: https://www.privacypolicies.com/blog/privacy-law-by-country/amp/. Accessed on: Dec. 20, 2019.

[5] DATA PROTECTION MAGAZINE. The public sector’s weak digital strategy is threatening society – How can this be changed?. Available at: https://dataprotectionmagazine.com/?p=672. Accessed on: Dec. 20, 2019.

Academic Director:

Mariana Lara Borges Pinto

Assistant Directors:

Felipe Abreu Freitas

Isac Levy Araújo Andrade

José Narciso de Souza Neto

Maria Ruthiane Basílio Ramalho

Pedro Paulo Machado Leocádio

Guiding Tutor:

Diego Fernandes Lopes

ITU 2020 – Study Guide

ITU 2020 – Annex Guide