INTERPOL

International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

Welcome to the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), the only committee of Mini SOI 2019 that has English as its official language. This committee will discuss an actual and problematic theme, which may cause many impacts in a not so far future. However, before diving into this matter, lets know a little bit more of this amazing organization.

INTERPOL is an intergovernmental organization that facilitates cooperation between the criminal police forces of countries from all the parts of the word and aims to establish and develop institutions likely to contribute to the prevention and suppression of ordinary law crimes[1].

It was born in 1914 at the first International Criminal Police Congress (ICPC), held in Monaco. This meeting brought together police officers and judicial representatives from 24 countries to find ways to cooperate on solving crimes. However, it was only in 1923 that INTERPOL was officially created, and has seen its membership grow steadily over the years. Moreover, since 1989 its headquarter is in Lyon, France, where it remains[2].

Nowadays, the organization contains 194 member countries and among other activities promotes research to fight against terrorism that makes use of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosives materials (CBRNE materials), which are a clear threat to public health and safety, national security and economic and political stability on a global level[3].

THEME: “The new face of terrorism: mechanisms to engage and prevent biological warfare”

Biological Weaponry has always been used by humanity as an alternative weapon in combats. It is estimated that tens of thousands of people died during the past century due to deliberate use of pathogens or toxins. Two international treaties have already tried to prevent countries from doing such practices, but they failed[4].

It was only after World War I, when Germany attempted to spread plague in Allied countries through horses and cattle, that many countries signed the 1925 Geneva Protocol, which banned the use of biological and chemical agents as weapons in war[5].

Even though, the use of biological agents still remains, showing that many countries don’t respect the Protocol above, mostly because it is a very popular and efficient weapon, being able to quickly spread, making it difficult to control. Today this kind of practice is known as bioterrorism[6], and examples are many, such as the Biological Weapons Program of Iraq[7]  and the violation of the Biological Weapons Convention (1972) by the United States, United Kingdom and Soviet Union[8].

To this date there is no international effective solution to regulate or prevent abuses in the matter, which is why it is so important to seek solutions to prevent and engage biological warfare.

Moreover, INTERPOL is a good choice in UN models, especially because of its competence, which allows delegates to interrupt economic relations and determine the severance of diplomatic relations. Also, it deals with questions of international security that are very attractive to many participants, who are excited to feel the real emotion of being a diplomat in such a prestigious organ investigating this kind of threat. Pack your stuff, prepare your English, come and be part of the change the world needs! Mini SOI is waiting for you.

Related Movies:

  1. I Am Legend (2007), 1h44min, Director: Francis Lawrence.

Retrieved from: <https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0480249/plotsummary>. Accessed in Dec. 19, 2018.

  1. World War Z (2013), 2h03min, Director: Marc Forster.

Retrieved from: <https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0816711/plotsummary>. Accessed in Dec. 16, 2018.

Related TV Shows:

  1. Helix (2014), 40min, Director: Cameron Porsandeh.

Retrieved from: <https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2758950/plotsummary>. Accessed in Dec. 19, 2018.

  1. Bones (2005), Season 8, Episode 23 (The Pathos in the Pathogens), 43min, Director: Hart Hanson and Chad Lowe.

Retrieved from: <https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2790012/>. Accessed in Dec. 21, 2018.

Related Games:

  1. Plague Inc. (2012), Studio: Ndemic Creations.

Retrieved from: <https://store.steampowered.com/app/246620/Plague_Inc_Evolved/>. Accessed in Jan. 05, 2019.

REFERENCES

[1] ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA. INTERPOL. Retrieved from: <https://www.britannica.com/topic/Interpol>. Accessed in Nov. 19, 2018.

[2] INTERPOL. INTERPOL 1914-2014: 100 years of international police cooperation. Retrieved from: <https://www.interpol.int/About-INTERPOL/History/1914-2014/INTERPOL-1914-2014/INTERPOL-1914-2014>. Accessed in Nov. 20, 2018.

[3] INTERPOL. CBRNE. Retrieved from: <https://www.interpol.int/Crime-areas/CBRNE/CBRNE>. Accessed in Nov. 18, 2018.

[4] FRISCHKNECHT, F. THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY INFORMATION. The history of biological warfare. Retrieved from: <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1326439/>. Accessed in Nov. 20, 2018.

[5] SCHNEIDER, B. ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA. Biological weapon. Retrieved from: <https://www.britannica.com/technology/biological-weapon>. Accessed in Nov. 20, 2018.

[6] CENTERS OF DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION. Bioterrorism. Retrieved from: <https://www.cdc.gov/healthcommunication/toolstemplates/entertainmented/tips/Bioterrorism.html>. Accessed in Nov. 20, 2018.

[7] James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. Biological. Retrieved from: <https://www.nti.org/learn/countries/iraq/biological/>. Accessed in Dec. 19, 2018.

[8] Ibidem. SCHNEIDER, B.


Academic directors:

Felipe Menescal Pinto de Medeiros

Luiza Fernandes de Abrantes Barbosa

Assistant directors:

Bárbara Milena Diniz Nunes

Júlia Rodrigues Cano

Mariana Lara Borges Pinto

Pedro Henrique Messias e Silva

Yasmin Pinheiro Lima dos Santos

Guiding tutor:

Carlos Andrei Brandão Soares da Cunha