United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
“Even the smallest act of service, the simplest act of kindness, is a way to honor those we lost, a way to reclaim that spirit of unity that followed 9/11” – Barack Obama
Welcome to United Nations Security Council (UNSC), the first ever english-speaking committee in MiniSOI and in the northeast of Brazil. The United Nativos Security Council (UNSC) synthesis has its foundation built over the chronological systematic of catastrophic losses, which manifestations can be noted at biological, structural and ideological levels.
The organ’s official existence, on 24 October 1945, was instituted upon the ratification of the Charter by the victors of World War II – China, the U.S.S.R., France, the United Kingdom, and the United States – establishing themselves as the five permanent members of the Security Council, and by a majority of the other 46 signatories. On 17 January 1946, the Security Council met for the first time at Church House, Westminster, in London, United Kingdom.
Since then, the Security Council started playing a great role in international politics and, nowadays, it has become one of the six main organs established by the UN Charter, which primary responsibility is the maintenance of global peace and security. Considering this, the committee’s mission is to detect and to deal with breaches or threats to the peace and acts of violence, prioritizing peaceful solutions, however if the conflict leads to acts of aggression, the organ can opt for enforcement measures, such as economic and diplomatic sanctions, or for the use of force. An important characteristic of UNSC is its high effectiveness decisions, due to the fact that it is the only organ that can make mandatory decisions to the UN members.
THE AFTERMATH OF 9/11/2001: THREATS TO INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
The relations between the United States of America and Iraq have always been unstable, whereas sometimes the US was supporting Iraq, for example, in Iraq’s independence and in the war against Iran. While at other times tensions and rivalries stood out, such as the war on terror.
It is important to emphasize that the highest climax of the tension evolving both countries took place on September 11, 2001, when Al-Qaeda members, leaded by Osama bin Laden, arranged an attack to the notorious World Trade Center, globally known as the Twin Towers.
Thereafter, US’ concerns about Iraq’s disarmament escalated to an atmosphere of revenge, aiming to destroy the country because of the death of thousands of innocent Americans. The tensions have become so rough that a war may happen, with boundless consequences.
Therefore, an UNSC reunion is indispensable to resolve such a critic situation. This emergency meeting will take place at November 6th to 8th, 2002 – New York City, United States of America, to discuss the aftermath of 9/11/2001, and should be cherished for the maintenance of international peace and security.
IMPORTANCE OF THE THEME TO THE ACTUAL GEOPOLITICS
At the time, the events of September 11, brought up a growing issue: after so many years of western influence and multiple attempts to takeover the Middle East, due to religion, at a later date, and, most recently, oil, in a region already historically full of conflicts, did they finally had enough?
Although the terrorist act took place almost two decades ago, it’s consequences still reverberate. US and its allies opted to go all out against a not so known enemy at the time, the terrorism. Sadly, it meant more western influence, takeover attempts and, as response, more Middle East citizens were convinced that the only way to stop this foreign invasion at their beloved homeland was with violence.
The result of so many years of incursions is that even after the death of the infamous Al-Qaeda’s leader, Osama bin Laden, in 2011, we witnessed the growth of multiple terrorists cells, especially the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), that since 2014 claimed to be responsible for at least 18 terrorists attacks outside Syria and Iraq, resulting in hundreds of victims.
Shortly, the UNSC is an international dialogue about treaties of peace and security after 9/11 attacks. The delegates will have an unique experience of simulating a two-times-historic committee (that’s occurring in 2002 and it’s the first one english-simulated for High School in North-Northeast).
Pack your stuff, prepare your english, come and be part of the change the world needs! MiniSOI is waiting for you.
MOVIES AND DOCUMENTARIES
Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004)
World Trade Center (2006)
United 93 (2006)
The Hurt Locker (2008)
Inside 9/11 (2005)
Carlos Andrei Brandão Soares da Cunha
Luiza Fernandes de Abrantes Barbosa
Amanda Bezerra de Lima
Felipe Menescal Pinto de Medeiros
Julio Silvestre Martins
Paulo Artur Medeiros de Oliveira
Sylvia Carolina Varella Fernandes
Carol Camelo Sedda
BBC. The 9/11 terrorist attacks. Available in: <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/events/the_september_11th_terrorist_attacks> . Access in: Dec. 15, 2017.
ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA. United Nations Security Council. Available in: <https://www.britannica.com/topic/United-Nations-Security-Council>. Access in: Oct. 20, 2017.
UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL. What is the Security Council?. Available in <http://www.un.org/en/sc/about/>. Access in: Oct. 20, 2017.
HAHN, Peter. A Century of U.S. Relations with Iraq. Available in: <http://origins.osu.edu/article/century-us-relations-iraq>. Access in: Oct. 28, 2017.